‘It is the history of a revolution that went wrong – and of the excellent excuses that were forthcoming at every step for the perversion of the original doctrine,’ wrote Orwell for the first edition of Animal Farm in 1945. Orwell wrote the novel at the end of 1943, but it almost remained unpublished. Its savage attack on Stalin, at that time Britain’s ally, led to the book being refused by publisher after publisher. Orwell’s simple, tragic fable, telling what happens when the animals drive out Mr Jones and attempt to run the farm themselves, has since become a world famous classic.
“ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL. BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS”
You’ll see how tyrants could change slogans as they wished, in “Four is good, two is bad” changing to “Four is good, two is better”. Obviously, four means animals (four legs) and two, human being. Socialism accepts capitalism and vice versa, glorifying each other in the end, playing cards, drinking beer and whisky, arguing and getting angry at one another on trivial issues as we see towards the end. No literature would have served better for the purpose as this satirical work of Orwell, apt during his time, but still holds good in our days too.! Wonderful work, a must read.